Result Details

Tennessee (82.14% responded)
CARTER COUNTY (72.36% responded)
Tennessee Elementary School (84.30% responded)
Happy Valley Elementary (73.33% responded)

 

Time

Q2.1 Please rate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statements about the use of time in your school.
      Strongly disagree
      Disagree
      Agree
      Strongly agree
n = number of responses
dk = number of "don't know" responses


a. Class sizes are reasonable such that teachers have the time available to meet the needs of all students.
Tennessee
n = 59689 / dk = 310
 
 
 
 

7%
24%
47%
21%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 379 / dk = 2
 
 
 
 

5%
19%
49%
27%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26264 / dk = 128
 
 
 
 

7%
24%
49%
21%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 
 

12%
34%
37%
16%

b. Teachers have time available to collaborate with colleagues.
Tennessee
n = 59637 / dk = 283
 
 
 
 

6%
21%
50%
23%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 377 / dk = 3
 
 
 
 

6%
20%
57%
16%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26265 / dk = 114
 
 
 
 

5%
19%
52%
24%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

10%
26%
45%
19%

c. Teachers are allowed to focus on educating students with minimal interruptions
Tennessee
n = 59533 / dk = 278
 
 
 
 

6%
22%
51%
21%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 379 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

4%
19%
59%
18%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26187 / dk = 138
 
 
 
 

6%
21%
52%
22%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 

32%
55%
13%

d. The non-instructional time provided for teachers in my school is sufficient.
Tennessee
n = 59167 / dk = 705
 
 
 
 

7%
24%
51%
18%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 377 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

5%
18%
56%
20%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26007 / dk = 341
 
 
 
 

8%
26%
51%
15%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

10%
26%
52%
13%

e. Efforts are made to minimize the amount of routine administrative paperwork teachers are required to do.
Tennessee
n = 58519 / dk = 1320
 
 
 
 

9%
23%
49%
18%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 369 / dk = 11
 
 
 
 

4
19%
58%
20%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25688 / dk = 641
 
 
 
 

9%
24%
50%
17%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 

32%
58%
10%

f. Teachers have sufficient instructional time to meet the needs of all students.
Tennessee
n = 59297 / dk = 539
 
 
 
 

6%
26%
51%
17%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 377 / dk = 3
 
 
 
 

4
18%
59%
20%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26094 / dk = 253
 
 
 
 

6%
28%
52%
15%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 
 

3
31%
56%
9%

g. Teachers are protected from duties that interfere with their essential role of educating students
Tennessee
n = 58901 / dk = 890
 
 
 
 

6%
20%
54%
20%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 372 / dk = 7
 
 
 
 

5%
17%
60%
17%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25948 / dk = 367
 
 
 
 

6%
19%
56%
20%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 
 

3
31%
53%
12%

Q2.2 In an AVERAGE WEEK, how much time do you devote to the following activities during the school day (i.e., time for which you are under contract to be at the school)?
      None
      Less than or equal to 1 hour
      More than 1 hour but less than or equal to 3 hours
      More than 3 hours but less than or equal to 5 hours
      More than 5 hours but less than or equal to 10 hours
      More than 10 hours
n = number of responses


a. Individual planning time
Tennessee
n = 54200
 
 
 
 
 
 

2
20%
30%
32%
14%
2
CARTER COUNTY
n = 343
 
 
 
 
 
 

1
20%
29%
31%
18%
1
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 24000
 
 
 
 
 
 

2
22%
33%
31%
10%
2
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 
 
 
 

3
20%
30%
37%
10%

b. Collaborative planning time
Tennessee
n = 54055
 
 
 
 
 
 

12%
46%
31%
9%
2
0
CARTER COUNTY
n = 343
 
 
 
 
 
 

17%
51%
23%
8%
1
0
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23953
 
 
 
 
 
 

8%
46%
34%
9%
2
0
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 
 
 

10%
53%
27%
10%

c. Supervisory duties
Tennessee
n = 53780
 
 
 
 
 
 

10%
41%
32%
11%
4%
1
CARTER COUNTY
n = 341
 
 
 
 
 
 

14%
46%
29%
8%
3
1
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23806
 
 
 
 
 
 

9%
40%
34%
12%
4%
1
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 
 
 

20%
33%
33%
13%

d. Required committee and/or staff meetings
Tennessee
n = 53855
 
 
 
 
 
 

4%
57%
33%
5%
1
0
CARTER COUNTY
n = 341
 
 
 
 
 

6%
69%
23%
2
1
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23833
 
 
 
 
 
 

3
56%
34%
5%
1
0
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 
 
 

10%
70%
17%
3

e. Completing required administrative paperwork
Tennessee
n = 53686
 
 
 
 
 
 

5%
51%
31%
9%
3
1
CARTER COUNTY
n = 340
 
 
 
 
 
 

7%
58%
25%
7%
2
1
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23764
 
 
 
 
 
 

4%
50%
32%
9%
3
1
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 
 
 

7%
67%
23%
3

f. Communicating with parents/guardians and/or the community
Tennessee
n = 54070
 
 
 
 
 
 

2
51%
37%
7%
2
1
CARTER COUNTY
n = 342
 
 
 
 
 
 

2
58%
31%
7%
2
0
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23961
 
 
 
 
 
 

2
51%
38%
7%
2
1
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 
 
 
 

3
57%
30%
7%
3

g. Addressing student discipline issues
Tennessee
n = 54227
 
 
 
 
 
 

4
56%
28%
8%
3
2
CARTER COUNTY
n = 343
 
 
 
 
 
 

3
58%
28%
8%
3
0
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 24013
 
 
 
 
 
 

3
54%
29%
9%
4
2
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 
 

53%
37%
10%

h. Professional development
Tennessee
n = 53521
 
 
 
 
 
 

12%
52%
25%
6%
2
2
CARTER COUNTY
n = 342
 
 
 
 
 
 

18%
53%
23%
3
2
1
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23673
 
 
 
 
 
 

11%
53%
26%
6%
2
2
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 
 
 

37%
40%
13%
10%

i. Preparation for required federal, state, and local assessments
Tennessee
n = 53839
 
 
 
 
 
 

7%
28%
31%
17%
10%
8%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 340
 
 
 
 
 
 

5%
28%
31%
14%
13%
9%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23813
 
 
 
 
 
 

6%
28%
32%
16%
9%
8%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 
 
 
 
 

3
27%
40%
13%
10%
7%

j. Delivery of assessments
Tennessee
n = 54107
 
 
 
 
 
 

6%
32%
42%
14%
5%
2
CARTER COUNTY
n = 343
 
 
 
 
 
 

6%
36%
37%
15%
6%
1
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23970
 
 
 
 
 
 

6%
30%
45%
14%
4%
2
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 
 
 
 

7%
27%
53%
10%
3

k. Utilizing results of assessments
Tennessee
n = 53981
 
 
 
 
 
 

4%
32%
40%
15%
6%
3
CARTER COUNTY
n = 342
 
 
 
 
 
 

4%
37%
34%
15%
8%
2
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23898
 
 
 
 
 
 

3
30%
43%
15%
6%
4
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 
 
 
 

3
40%
37%
10%
10%

Q2.3 In an Average Week of teaching, how many hours do you spend on school-related activities outside the regular school day (before or after school, and/or on the weekend)?
      None
      Less than or equal to 1 hour
      More than 1 hour but less than or equal to 3 hours
      More than 3 hours but less than or equal to 5 hours
      More than 5 hours but less than or equal to 10 hours
      More than 10 hours
n = number of responses
Tennessee
n = 54515
 
 
 
 
 
 

1
7%
19%
22%
26%
25%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 345
 
 
 
 
 
 

2
11%
27%
23%
21%
17%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 24138
 
 
 
 
 
 

1
7%
18%
22%
27%
25%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 
 
 
 

7%
33%
27%
20%
13%

 

Facilities and Resources

Q3.1 Please rate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statements about your school facilities and resources.
      Strongly disagree
      Disagree
      Agree
      Strongly agree
n = number of responses
dk = number of "don't know" responses


a. Teachers have sufficient access to appropriate instructional materials.
Tennessee
n = 59482 / dk = 357
 
 
 
 

3
12%
56%
29%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 379 / dk = 2
 
 
 
 

3
13%
64%
20%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26178 / dk = 135
 
 
 
 

3
10%
55%
32%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 

6%
59%
34%

b. Teachers have sufficient access to instructional technology, including computers, printers, software and internet access.
Tennessee
n = 59673 / dk = 152
 
 
 
 

5%
16%
47%
32%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 378 / dk = 2
 
 
 
 

5%
16%
53%
27%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26246 / dk = 66
 
 
 
 

4%
14%
48%
34%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

3
3
47%
47%

c. Teachers have access to reliable communications technology, including phones, faxes and email.
Tennessee
n = 59668 / dk = 150
 
 
 
 

2
7%
54%
36%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 378 / dk = 2
 
 
 
 

1
9%
61%
30%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26264 / dk = 50
 
 
 
 

2
6%
54%
38%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 

3
55%
42%

d. Teachers have sufficient access to office equipment and supplies such as copy machines, paper, pens, etc.
Tennessee
n = 59583 / dk = 203
 
 
 
 

4%
13%
51%
32%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 378 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

1
11%
58%
30%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26226 / dk = 79
 
 
 
 

4
13%
50%
32%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 

53%
47%

e. Teachers have sufficient access to a broad range of professional support personnel.
Tennessee
n = 59367 / dk = 473
 
 
 
 

3
13%
56%
28%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 379 / dk = 2
 
 
 
 

2
19%
58%
21%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26171 / dk = 159
 
 
 
 

3
12%
55%
30%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 

12%
66%
22%

f. The school environment is clean and well maintained.
Tennessee
n = 59446 / dk = 506
 
 
 
 

3
11%
48%
38%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 376 / dk = 3
 
 
 
 

3
14%
51%
33%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26179 / dk = 197
 
 
 
 

3
11%
48%
38%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 

50%
50%

g. Teachers have adequate space to work productively.
Tennessee
n = 59305 / dk = 377
 
 
 
 

2
9%
54%
35%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 373 / dk = 3
 
 
 
 

1
11%
61%
26%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26128 / dk = 135
 
 
 
 

2
8%
55%
35%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31
 
 
 

19%
52%
29%

h. The physical environment of classrooms in this school supports teaching and learning.
Tennessee
n = 59195 / dk = 470
 
 
 
 

2
7%
53%
37%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 372 / dk = 4
 
 
 
 

1
6%
63%
30%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26093 / dk = 174
 
 
 
 

1
5%
53%
41%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 

3
68%
29%

i. The reliability and speed of Internet connections in this school are sufficient to support instructional practices.
Tennessee
n = 59371 / dk = 403
 
 
 
 

6%
15%
50%
29%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 374 / dk = 3
 
 
 
 

4%
13%
57%
26%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26115 / dk = 170
 
 
 
 

5%
14%
52%
30%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 

13%
55%
32%

 

Community Support and Involvement

Q4.1 Please rate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statements about community support and involvement in your school.
      Strongly disagree
      Disagree
      Agree
      Strongly agree
n = number of responses
dk = number of "don't know" responses


a. Parents/guardians are influential decision makers in this school.
Tennessee
n = 56375 / dk = 3184
 
 
 
 

5%
26%
55%
14%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 360 / dk = 20
 
 
 
 

4%
28%
57%
11%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25035 / dk = 1187
 
 
 
 

4%
23%
57%
16%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 
 

3
28%
56%
12%

b. This school maintains clear, two-way communication with parents/guardians and the community.
Tennessee
n = 58858 / dk = 759
 
 
 
 

1
7%
63%
29%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 375 / dk = 3
 
 
 
 

0
8%
71%
21%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26045 / dk = 219
 
 
 
 

1
6%
60%
33%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 

6%
66%
28%

c. This school does a good job of encouraging parent/guardian involvement.
Tennessee
n = 58915 / dk = 761
 
 
 
 

2
9%
55%
35%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 378 / dk = 2
 
 
 
 

2
10%
62%
26%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26079 / dk = 195
 
 
 
 

1
6%
51%
41%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 

9%
62%
28%

d. Teachers provide parents/guardians with useful information about student learning.
Tennessee
n = 58860 / dk = 801
 
 
 
 

1
4
58%
37%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 373 / dk = 5
 
 
 
 

0
4%
68%
28%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25990 / dk = 267
 
 
 
 

0
2
53%
45%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 

3
56%
41%

e. Parents/guardians know what is going on in this school.
Tennessee
n = 58071 / dk = 1592
 
 
 
 

2
11%
57%
30%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 372 / dk = 6
 
 
 
 

1
12%
65%
23%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25807 / dk = 446
 
 
 
 

1
7%
54%
38%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 

3
69%
28%

f. Parents/guardians support teachers, contributing to their success with students.
Tennessee
n = 58251 / dk = 1241
 
 
 
 

5%
23%
56%
15%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 369 / dk = 9
 
 
 
 

8%
31%
51%
10%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25784 / dk = 414
 
 
 
 

5%
20%
56%
19%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

3
19%
68%
10%

g. Community members support teachers, contributing to their success with students.
Tennessee
n = 57164 / dk = 2513
 
 
 
 

3
14%
63%
20%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 365 / dk = 13
 
 
 
 

5%
23%
61%
11%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25295 / dk = 971
 
 
 
 

2
12%
63%
23%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

6%
16%
61%
16%

h. The community we serve is supportive of this school.
Tennessee
n = 57610 / dk = 2009
 
 
 
 

3
12%
59%
26%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 360 / dk = 18
 
 
 
 

4
16%
65%
16%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25465 / dk = 786
 
 
 
 

2
10%
59%
29%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30 / dk = 2
 
 
 

13%
67%
20%

 

Managing Student Conduct

Q5.1 Please rate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statements about managing student conduct in your school.
      Strongly disagree
      Disagree
      Agree
      Strongly agree
n = number of responses
dk = number of "don't know" responses


a. Students at this school understand expectations for their conduct.
Tennessee
n = 59322 / dk = 224
 
 
 
 

3
9%
56%
33%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 377
 
 
 
 

3
12%
62%
24%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26130 / dk = 85
 
 
 
 

2
7%
55%
36%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 

56%
44%

b. Students at this school follow rules of conduct.
Tennessee
n = 59347 / dk = 207
 
 
 
 

5%
19%
61%
15%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 375 / dk = 3
 
 
 
 

6%
22%
60%
13%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26120 / dk = 87
 
 
 
 

3
16%
63%
18%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 

9%
78%
12%

c. Policies and procedures about student conduct are clearly understood by the faculty.
Tennessee
n = 59060 / dk = 277
 
 
 
 

2
10%
56%
32%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 375 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

2
11%
62%
25%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25999 / dk = 107
 
 
 
 

2
8%
55%
36%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 

66%
34%

d. School administrators consistently enforce rules for student conduct.
Tennessee
n = 58951 / dk = 559
 
 
 
 

6%
17%
48%
29%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 375 / dk = 3
 
 
 
 

7%
22%
47%
24%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25943 / dk = 240
 
 
 
 

5%
14%
48%
33%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 

12%
50%
37%

e. School administrators support teachers' efforts to maintain discipline in the classroom.
Tennessee
n = 59033 / dk = 470
 
 
 
 

4%
11%
50%
36%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 378 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

3
12%
55%
31%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25974 / dk = 208
 
 
 
 

4
10%
49%
37%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 

3
59%
37%

f. Teachers consistently enforce rules for student conduct.
Tennessee
n = 58954 / dk = 602
 
 
 
 

2
13%
56%
29%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 375 / dk = 5
 
 
 
 

2
15%
58%
25%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26013 / dk = 188
 
 
 
 

1
7%
56%
36%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 

3
72%
25%

g. The faculty work in a school environment that is safe.
Tennessee
n = 59088 / dk = 420
 
 
 
 

1
4%
53%
41%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 376 / dk = 4
 
 
 
 

1
5%
61%
34%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26025 / dk = 158
 
 
 
 

1
4
51%
44%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 

62%
37%

 

Teacher Leadership

Q6.1 Please rate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statements about teacher leadership in your school.
      Strongly disagree
      Disagree
      Agree
      Strongly agree
n = number of responses
dk = number of "don't know" responses


a. Teachers are recognized as educational experts.
Tennessee
n = 58407 / dk = 626
 
 
 
 

3
12%
56%
28%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 367 / dk = 3
 
 
 
 

2
11%
62%
25%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25760 / dk = 243
 
 
 
 

3
12%
55%
31%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29 / dk = 1
 
 
 

14%
66%
21%

b. Teachers are trusted to make sound professional decisions about instruction.
Tennessee
n = 58480 / dk = 416
 
 
 
 

3
11%
54%
31%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 367 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

1
5%
62%
32%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25769 / dk = 186
 
 
 
 

3
12%
53%
33%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29 / dk = 1
 
 
 

7%
76%
17%

c. Teachers are relied upon to make decisions about educational issues.
Tennessee
n = 58157 / dk = 789
 
 
 
 

3
14%
55%
28%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 366 / dk = 3
 
 
 
 

1
10%
64%
25%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25655 / dk = 312
 
 
 
 

3
13%
54%
30%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 
 

10%
77%
13%

d. Teachers are encouraged to participate in school leadership roles.
Tennessee
n = 58119 / dk = 802
 
 
 
 

2
9%
55%
34%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 364 / dk = 4
 
 
 
 

2
7%
64%
27%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25676 / dk = 289
 
 
 
 

2
8%
53%
37%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 27 / dk = 3
 
 
 

7%
78%
15%

e. The faculty has an effective process for making group decisions to solve problems.
Tennessee
n = 56942 / dk = 1971
 
 
 
 

5%
20%
52%
24%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 359 / dk = 10
 
 
 
 

5%
14%
59%
22%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25224 / dk = 724
 
 
 
 

4
17%
53%
26%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 27 / dk = 3
 
 
 

19%
67%
15%

f. In this school we take steps to solve problems.
Tennessee
n = 57759 / dk = 1215
 
 
 
 

3
12%
57%
28%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 357 / dk = 9
 
 
 
 

4
9%
62%
25%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25515 / dk = 458
 
 
 
 

3
11%
57%
30%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 27 / dk = 2
 
 
 

11%
70%
19%

g. Teachers are effective leaders in this school.
Tennessee
n = 58066 / dk = 822
 
 
 
 

2
10%
56%
32%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 364 / dk = 5
 
 
 
 

2
9%
61%
28%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25619 / dk = 309
 
 
 
 

2
9%
54%
35%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 28 / dk = 2
 
 
 

11%
75%
14%

Q6.2 Please indicate the role teachers have at your school in each of the following areas.
      No role at all
      Small role
      Moderate role
      Large role
n = number of responses
dk = number of "don't know" responses


a. Selecting instructional materials and resources
Tennessee
n = 57164 / dk = 2551
 
 
 
 

4
19%
38%
40%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 363 / dk = 14
 
 
 
 

4%
21%
41%
34%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25282 / dk = 1006
 
 
 
 

4
21%
39%
36%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30 / dk = 2
 
 
 
 

3
33%
40%
23%

b. Devising teaching techniques
Tennessee
n = 58069 / dk = 1494
 
 
 
 

2
10%
32%
55%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 371 / dk = 6
 
 
 
 

2
12%
32%
54%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25525 / dk = 697
 
 
 
 

3
12%
34%
51%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 

16%
48%
35%

c. Setting grading and student assessment practices
Tennessee
n = 57269 / dk = 2061
 
 
 
 

6%
18%
37%
39%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 362 / dk = 15
 
 
 
 

7%
19%
36%
37%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25028 / dk = 1095
 
 
 
 

7%
21%
39%
34%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30 / dk = 2
 
 
 
 

10%
30%
30%
30%

d. Determining the content of in-service professional development programs
Tennessee
n = 56959 / dk = 2587
 
 
 
 

19%
34%
34%
13%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 355 / dk = 19
 
 
 
 

25%
33%
32%
10%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25161 / dk = 1052
 
 
 
 

18%
34%
35%
14%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29 / dk = 3
 
 
 
 

24%
48%
21%
7%

e. Establishing student discipline procedures
Tennessee
n = 57896 / dk = 1719
 
 
 
 

10%
25%
39%
26%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 369 / dk = 8
 
 
 
 

9%
26%
41%
24%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25553 / dk = 693
 
 
 
 

6%
21%
41%
32%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

3
29%
26%
42%

f. Providing input on how the school budget will be spent
Tennessee
n = 55184 / dk = 4404
 
 
 
 

38%
34%
21%
7%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 354 / dk = 21
 
 
 
 

45%
32%
18%
4%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 24372 / dk = 1858
 
 
 
 

32%
34%
24%
9%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29 / dk = 3
 
 
 

72%
24%
3

g. The selection of teachers new to this school
Tennessee
n = 54879 / dk = 4761
 
 
 
 

53%
25%
15%
7%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 348 / dk = 29
 
 
 
 

74%
15%
8%
3
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 24213 / dk = 2042
 
 
 
 

49%
26%
17%
8%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30 / dk = 2
 
 
 
 

87%
7%
3
3

h. School improvement planning
Tennessee
n = 56738 / dk = 2841
 
 
 
 

8%
22%
38%
32%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 364 / dk = 11
 
 
 
 

5%
24%
41%
29%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25028 / dk = 1190
 
 
 
 

6%
21%
39%
34%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

3
23%
47%
27%

 

School Leadership

Q7.1 Please rate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statements about school leadership in your school.
      Strongly disagree
      Disagree
      Agree
      Strongly agree
n = number of responses
dk = number of "don't know" responses


a. The faculty and leadership have a shared vision.
Tennessee
n = 58621 / dk = 1316
 
 
 
 

3
10%
58%
29%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 373 / dk = 6
 
 
 
 

2
8%
65%
25%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25881 / dk = 492
 
 
 
 

3
8%
56%
33%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 

9%
72%
19%

b. There is an atmosphere of trust and mutual respect.
Tennessee
n = 59084 / dk = 719
 
 
 
 

6%
16%
49%
29%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 375 / dk = 5
 
 
 
 

3
11%
54%
31%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26029 / dk = 280
 
 
 
 

6%
15%
47%
31%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

3
6%
74%
16%

c. Teachers feel comfortable raising issues and concerns that are important to them.
Tennessee
n = 58735 / dk = 1002
 
 
 
 

7%
18%
47%
28%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 370 / dk = 9
 
 
 
 

4%
14%
55%
28%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25864 / dk = 429
 
 
 
 

7%
18%
46%
29%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

3
16%
74%
6%

d. The school leadership consistently supports teachers.
Tennessee
n = 58748 / dk = 1104
 
 
 
 

4%
13%
50%
33%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 369 / dk = 8
 
 
 
 

2
10%
57%
30%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25883 / dk = 463
 
 
 
 

4%
12%
49%
35%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

3
19%
65%
13%

e. Teachers are held to high professional standards for delivering instruction.
Tennessee
n = 59502 / dk = 350
 
 
 
 

1
3
46%
50%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 375 / dk = 3
 
 
 
 

1
3
55%
41%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26224 / dk = 123
 
 
 
 

1
2
43%
54%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 

66%
34%

f. The school leadership facilitates using data to improve student learning.
Tennessee
n = 58994 / dk = 835
 
 
 
 

1
3
45%
51%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 375 / dk = 3
 
 
 
 

1
3
55%
41%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26056 / dk = 276
 
 
 
 

1
2
41%
56%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 

66%
34%

g. Teacher performance is assessed objectively.
Tennessee
n = 58111 / dk = 1804
 
 
 
 

5%
12%
50%
33%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 370 / dk = 8
 
 
 
 

2
7%
53%
38%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25607 / dk = 758
 
 
 
 

5%
11%
49%
36%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 
 

3
25%
56%
16%

h. Teachers receive feedback that can help them improve teaching.
Tennessee
n = 58765 / dk = 993
 
 
 
 

3
9%
53%
35%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 368 / dk = 6
 
 
 
 

1
5%
57%
36%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25953 / dk = 366
 
 
 
 

2
8%
51%
38%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 

12%
75%
12%

i. The procedures for teacher evaluation are consistent.
Tennessee
n = 57679 / dk = 2105
 
 
 
 

6%
14%
48%
31%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 367 / dk = 9
 
 
 
 

3
12%
51%
34%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25478 / dk = 851
 
 
 
 

6%
13%
47%
34%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

7%
33%
50%
10%

j. The school improvement team provides effective leadership at this school.
Tennessee
n = 53762 / dk = 5882
 
 
 
 

4%
13%
55%
28%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 353 / dk = 22
 
 
 
 

3
9%
62%
26%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23972 / dk = 2294
 
 
 
 

4
11%
55%
30%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30 / dk = 2
 
 
 

7%
83%
10%

k. The faculty are recognized for accomplishments.
Tennessee
n = 58558 / dk = 1082
 
 
 
 

5%
12%
51%
33%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 367 / dk = 9
 
 
 
 

3
10%
57%
29%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25829 / dk = 425
 
 
 
 

4%
12%
50%
34%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 28 / dk = 3
 
 
 
 

11%
11%
64%
14%

Q7.3 The school leadership makes a sustained effort to address teacher concerns about:
      Strongly disagree
      Disagree
      Agree
      Strongly agree
n = number of responses
dk = number of "don't know" responses


a. Leadership issues
Tennessee
n = 54734 / dk = 5057
 
 
 
 

5%
15%
60%
21%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 346 / dk = 32
 
 
 
 

3
12%
66%
19%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 24163 / dk = 2142
 
 
 
 

4%
13%
61%
22%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 27 / dk = 5
 
 
 
 

4
11%
78%
7%

b. Facilities and resources
Tennessee
n = 57007 / dk = 2741
 
 
 
 

3
10%
63%
24%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 358 / dk = 21
 
 
 
 

1
11%
65%
22%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25184 / dk = 1098
 
 
 
 

3
9%
63%
25%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30 / dk = 2
 
 
 

10%
70%
20%

c. The use of time in my school
Tennessee
n = 56899 / dk = 2809
 
 
 
 

4%
15%
59%
22%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 361 / dk = 17
 
 
 
 

2
10%
67%
22%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25078 / dk = 1209
 
 
 
 

4
14%
59%
23%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

3
16%
65%
16%

d. Professional development
Tennessee
n = 56874 / dk = 2879
 
 
 
 

4
13%
60%
23%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 364 / dk = 14
 
 
 
 

2
13%
65%
20%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25084 / dk = 1207
 
 
 
 

3
12%
61%
24%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29 / dk = 3
 
 
 

24%
66%
10%

e. Teacher leadership
Tennessee
n = 55812 / dk = 3810
 
 
 
 

3
12%
63%
22%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 354 / dk = 25
 
 
 
 

2
9%
68%
21%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 24677 / dk = 1569
 
 
 
 

3
10%
63%
24%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 28 / dk = 4
 
 
 

18%
75%
7%

f. Community support and involvement
Tennessee
n = 55754 / dk = 3893
 
 
 
 

3
10%
65%
23%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 353 / dk = 22
 
 
 
 

3
8%
70%
19%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 24777 / dk = 1476
 
 
 
 

2
8%
65%
25%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30 / dk = 2
 
 
 

7%
73%
20%

g. Managing student conduct
Tennessee
n = 57737 / dk = 1948
 
 
 
 

5%
13%
58%
25%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 368 / dk = 12
 
 
 
 

4%
11%
65%
20%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25466 / dk = 806
 
 
 
 

4%
12%
58%
26%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 

6%
74%
19%

h. Instructional practices and support
Tennessee
n = 57460 / dk = 2197
 
 
 
 

3
8%
63%
27%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 364 / dk = 13
 
 
 
 

1
5%
68%
26%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25402 / dk = 858
 
 
 
 

2
7%
62%
28%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 

3
77%
19%

i. New teacher support
Tennessee
n = 54017 / dk = 5497
 
 
 
 

4%
12%
59%
25%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 345 / dk = 33
 
 
 
 

3
10%
66%
21%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23791 / dk = 2381
 
 
 
 

4
10%
60%
26%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 28 / dk = 4
 
 
 

7%
75%
18%

 

Professional Development

Q8.1 Please rate how strongly you agree or disagree with statements about professional development in your school.
      Strongly disagree
      Disagree
      Agree
      Strongly agree
n = number of responses
dk = number of "don't know" responses


a. Sufficient resources are available for professional development in my school.
Tennessee
n = 58372 / dk = 1477
 
 
 
 

3
14%
61%
23%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 368 / dk = 12
 
 
 
 

7%
23%
58%
12%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25785 / dk = 555
 
 
 
 

2
12%
61%
25%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

13%
16%
65%
6%

b. An appropriate amount of time is provided for professional development.
Tennessee
n = 59041 / dk = 746
 
 
 
 

2
14%
62%
22%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 373 / dk = 8
 
 
 
 

5%
22%
62%
12%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 26050 / dk = 271
 
 
 
 

2
12%
62%
24%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 31 / dk = 1
 
 
 
 

13%
23%
55%
10%

c. Professional development offerings are data driven.
Tennessee
n = 54621 / dk = 5256
 
 
 
 

2
10%
62%
27%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 343 / dk = 37
 
 
 
 

3
12%
67%
18%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 24406 / dk = 1946
 
 
 
 

1
8%
61%
29%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 28 / dk = 4
 
 
 
 

4
18%
68%
11%

d. Professional learning opportunities are aligned with the school’s improvement plan.
Tennessee
n = 52210 / dk = 7250
 
 
 
 

1
7%
65%
27%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 337 / dk = 40
 
 
 
 

2
6%
71%
20%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23431 / dk = 2737
 
 
 
 

1
5%
63%
30%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30 / dk = 2
 
 
 
 

3
10%
77%
10%

e. Professional development is differentiated to meet the needs of individual teachers.
Tennessee
n = 57034 / dk = 2727
 
 
 
 

7%
25%
50%
18%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 353 / dk = 26
 
 
 
 

4
25%
57%
15%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25222 / dk = 1076
 
 
 
 

6%
24%
51%
19%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 27 / dk = 5
 
 
 

37%
59%
4

f. Professional development deepens teachers' content knowledge.
Tennessee
n = 58202 / dk = 1535
 
 
 
 

5%
19%
56%
20%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 364 / dk = 15
 
 
 
 

3
18%
64%
16%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25728 / dk = 573
 
 
 
 

3
13%
61%
24%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30 / dk = 2
 
 
 

17%
73%
10%

g. Professional development provides teachers with strategies to involve families and other community members as active partners in their children's education.
Tennessee
n = 56907 / dk = 2761
 
 
 
 

6%
29%
50%
15%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 347 / dk = 30
 
 
 
 

4%
24%
60%
12%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25154 / dk = 1114
 
 
 
 

4%
26%
53%
17%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30 / dk = 2
 
 
 
 

3
37%
53%
7%

h. Teachers are encouraged to reflect on their own practice.
Tennessee
n = 58861 / dk = 880
 
 
 
 

1
5%
63%
30%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 374 / dk = 5
 
 
 
 

2
3
70%
25%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25968 / dk = 337
 
 
 
 

1
5%
62%
32%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 32
 
 
 

6%
75%
19%

i. Follow up is provided from professional development in this school
Tennessee
n = 56906 / dk = 2672
 
 
 
 

4
22%
56%
18%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 351 / dk = 25
 
 
 
 

3
21%
62%
14%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25172 / dk = 1076
 
 
 
 

3
19%
58%
21%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29 / dk = 2
 
 
 

34%
62%
3

j. Professional development provides ongoing opportunities for teachers to work with colleagues to refine teaching practices.
Tennessee
n = 58158 / dk = 1309
 
 
 
 

4
16%
59%
21%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 360 / dk = 17
 
 
 
 

3
16%
67%
13%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25699 / dk = 483
 
 
 
 

3
14%
59%
24%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 28 / dk = 3
 
 
 

32%
57%
11%

k. Professional development is evaluated and results are communicated to teachers.
Tennessee
n = 55629 / dk = 3824
 
 
 
 

6%
30%
48%
16%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 347 / dk = 26
 
 
 
 

4
29%
56%
11%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 24504 / dk = 1692
 
 
 
 

5%
28%
50%
18%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 28 / dk = 3
 
 
 

50%
43%
7%

l. Professional development enhances teachers' ability to implement instructional strategies that meet diverse student learning needs.
Tennessee
n = 57963 / dk = 1416
 
 
 
 

3
13%
62%
21%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 359 / dk = 18
 
 
 
 

3
13%
69%
16%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25635 / dk = 501
 
 
 
 

2
11%
63%
24%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 28 / dk = 3
 
 
 

4
82%
14%

m. Professional development enhances teachers' abilities to help improve student learning.
Tennessee
n = 58093 / dk = 1149
 
 
 
 

3
10%
64%
24%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 359 / dk = 15
 
 
 
 

2
10%
71%
18%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 25662 / dk = 414
 
 
 
 

2
7%
64%
27%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 28 / dk = 3
 
 

86%
14%

Q8.2 In which of the following areas (if any) do you need professional development to teach your students more effectively?
      Yes
      No
n = number of responses


a. Your content area
Tennessee
n = 52820
 
 

40%
60%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 341
 
 

29%
71%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23244
 
 

38%
62%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 

27%
73%

b. Common Core Standards
Tennessee
n = 53759
 
 

79%
21%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 343
 
 

74%
26%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23771
 
 

81%
19%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 

90%
10%

c. Student assessment
Tennessee
n = 52715
 
 

45%
55%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 340
 
 

36%
64%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23252
 
 

46%
54%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

45%
55%

d. Differentiating instruction
Tennessee
n = 53042
 
 

57%
43%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 341
 
 

46%
54%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23426
 
 

58%
42%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 

47%
53%

e. Special education (students with disabilities)
Tennessee
n = 52803
 
 

49%
51%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 341
 
 

39%
61%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23290
 
 

50%
50%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

41%
59%

f. Special education (gifted and talented)
Tennessee
n = 52436
 
 

45%
55%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 340
 
 

34%
66%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23105
 
 

45%
55%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

48%
52%

g. English Language Learners (ELL)
Tennessee
n = 52353
 
 

35%
65%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 340
 
 

20%
80%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23108
 
 

36%
64%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

34%
66%

h. Closing the Achievement Gap
Tennessee
n = 52857
 
 

60%
40%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 341
 
 

62%
38%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23330
 
 

61%
39%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

66%
34%

i. Methods of teaching
Tennessee
n = 52473
 
 

41%
59%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 343
 
 

36%
64%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23104
 
 

39%
61%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

38%
62%

j. Reading strategies
Tennessee
n = 52567
 
 

46%
54%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 339
 
 

42%
58%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23237
 
 

50%
50%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 30
 
 

57%
43%

k. Integrating technology into instruction
Tennessee
n = 52950
 
 

55%
45%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 343
 
 

50%
50%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23348
 
 

54%
46%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

55%
45%

l. Classroom management techniques
Tennessee
n = 52283
 
 

33%
67%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 341
 
 

32%
68%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23033
 
 

32%
68%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

24%
76%

Q8.3 In the past 2 years have you had 10 clock hours or more of professional development in any of the following areas?
      Yes
      No
n = number of responses


a. Your content area
Tennessee
n = 52420
 
 

66%
34%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 332
 
 

62%
38%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23080
 
 

69%
31%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

55%
45%

b. Common Core Standards
Tennessee
n = 52607
 
 

59%
41%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 332
 
 

54%
46%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 23291
 
 

66%
34%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

41%
59%

c. Student assessment
Tennessee
n = 52001
 
 

51%
49%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 331
 
 

41%
59%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 22892
 
 

50%
50%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

31%
69%

d. Differentiating instruction
Tennessee
n = 51982
 
 

48%
52%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 331
 
 

43%
57%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 22908
 
 

48%
52%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

48%
52%

e. English Language Learners (ELL)
Tennessee
n = 51403
 
 

10%
90%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 332
 
 

5%
95%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 22617
 
 

11%
89%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

3
97%

f. Special education (students with disabilities)
Tennessee
n = 51579
 
 

21%
79%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 326
 
 

18%
82%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 22679
 
 

18%
82%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

7%
93%

g. Special education (gifted and talented)
Tennessee
n = 51286
 
 

9%
91%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 328
 
 

8%
92%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 22549
 
 

7%
93%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

3
97%

h. Closing the Achievement Gap
Tennessee
n = 51580
 
 

34%
66%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 331
 
 

34%
66%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 22693
 
 

33%
67%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 28
 
 

14%
86%

i. Methods of teaching
Tennessee
n = 51911
 
 

54%
46%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 330
 
 

50%
50%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 22861
 
 

54%
46%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

48%
52%

j. Reading strategies
Tennessee
n = 51792
 
 

44%
56%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 330
 
 

34%
66%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 22894
 
 

54%
46%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

45%
55%

k. Integrating technology into instruction
Tennessee
n = 51891
 
 

44%
56%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 331
 
 

48%
52%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 22832
 
 

41%
59%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

59%
41%

l. Classroom management techniques
Tennessee
n = 51422
 
 

30%
70%
CARTER COUNTY
n = 328
 
 

25%
75%
Tennessee Elementary School
n = 22615
 
 

29%
71%
Happy Valley Elementary
n = 29
 
 

38%
62%

Q8.5 Estimate the total number of days in which you participated in professional development in 2012-2013.
      0-1, (approximately 0-8 hours)
      2-4, (approximately 16-32 hours)
      5-7, (approximately 40-56 hours)
      8-10, (approximately 64-80 hours)
      11-13, (approximately 88-104 hours)
      14 days or more, (105 hours or more)
n = number of responses